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Parents & Educators

Parents and Educators:


  • Dress children in several layers of clothing. If they get too warm, they can remove one layer at a time.
  • Always remove children’s wet clothing and boots immediately.
  • Make sure children wear a hat because most body heat is lost through the head.
  • Have children keep their ears covered at all times to prevent frostbite.
  • Have children wear mittens instead of gloves.
  • Dress children in warm, waterproof boots that are roomy enough to wiggle their toes around.
  • Remove all drawstrings from children’s clothing to prevent strangulation. Use Velcro or other fasteners instead and use a neck warmer instead of a scarf.


  • Make sure children always wear a hockey or ski helmet while skating.
  • Make sure children’s skates are comfortable, with good ankle support, to avoid twists, sprains, and breaks.
  • When possible, have children skate on public indoor or outdoor rinks. If this is not possible, children should remember to:
  1. Obey all signs posted on or near the ice. Yellow signs usually mean skate with caution, and red usually means no skating allowed.
  2. Make sure they are always supervised on the ice.
  3. Never assume it’s safe to skate on a lake or pond. An adult should make sure the ice is at least 10 cm (four inches) thick, and check with local weather authorities for information about ice thickness.
  4. Avoid walking on ice near moving water. Ice formed on moving water, such as rivers and creeks, will vary in thickness and is highly unpredictable.


Children should:

  • Always wear either a ski or hockey helmet — not a bicycle helmet — while sledding.
  • Never use a sled with sharp or jagged edges.
  • Make sure the handholds on the sled are secure.
  • Always sit up or kneel on a sled. Lying down increases the risk of head, spine and abdominal injuries.
  • Never sled on or near roadways.
  • Look for shallow slopes that are free of trees, fences, or any other obstacles.
  • Avoid sledding on crowded slopes.
  • Use a “steerable” sled.


Children should:

  • Take lessons from a qualified skiing or snowboarding instructor.
  • Never ski or snowboard alone.
  • With parents, check equipment every year for fit and maintenance. Bindings should be checked annually by a qualified technician.
  • Make sure they’re in control of their speed. Many injuries result from a loss of control. Stunts and fatigue also lead to injuries.
  • Always wear a helmet with side vents that allow them to hear.
  • When snowboarding, wear wrist guards to reduce the risk of wrist injury.
  • Dress safely. Wear bright-coloured clothing, and warm hats and mittens.
  • Avoid ice hills. The risk of falls and injuries increases in icy conditions.
  • Watch out for other skiers and snowboarders, as well as any other obstacles, on the slopes.
  • Stay in designated areas and on marked trails.

*With lessons from a certified instructor, it’s okay for younger children to snowboard; however, their coordination is not fully developed until the age of 10. Reference: Canadian Association of Snowboard Instructors